AGCT - Army I.Q. Test
Army banjo - shovel
Army Specialized Training Program
(A.S.T.P.) - Program originally known as A-12; classroom based
training usually leading to an engineering or like college degree
and an Army Commission.
AWOL - absent without leave
BAR - Browning Automatic Rifle
bombardier - aircraft crew operator
of bombing equipment
Bonaparte I, Napoleon - French
emperor 1804-1815. Lived 1769-1821.
Pierre Françoise Joseph - (1810 - 1861) French Marshall
in the Crimea
gun - submachine gun, especially the German Schmeisser
Churchill, Sir Winston - 1874-1965.
Served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940-45
Clemenceau, Georges - 1841-1929. Premier
of France 1906-1909, 1917.
dogface - slang term for U.S. Army infantryman in World War
dog show - foot inspection
Dwight David (Ike) - 1890-1969. General
of American Forces and Commander of Allied Forces during World
War II. President of the United States, 1953-1961.
Enfield rifle - type of rifle first
made in Enfield, England, used by British and American troops,
varying calibers including .30 or .303 bolt-action, breechloading
enfilade - (n) to rake with
gunfire across the length of a target
Minute Men - A nation-wide organization, part of the Division
of the Committee on Public Information which was created by
President Wilson on April 14, 1917. Its purpose was to present
short, coordinated messages of national importance about The
Great War to motion picture theater audiences. The name came
from the four minute long intermission period when the Four
Minute Men talked, as movie reels were changed.
French leave - AWOL
GI - some thing issued by or associated
with the American military
gold brick -(v) to shirk
Ulysses S. - 1822-1885. Union general during Civil War; President
of the United States, 1869-1877.
Holy Joe - army chaplain (see Sky Scout)
Infantry Replacement Training Center
- Army training center providing thirteen weeks of infantry
training for draftees.
Iron Duke - Nickname of First Duke
of Wellington, British soldier and statesman. (see Wellington)
Robert E. - 1807-1870. Commander in chief
of Confederate Armies during the Civil War.
General Douglas - Showed brilliance as officer in early years,
promoted to brigadier general in 1918. Became Army Chief of
Staff in 1930. Retired in 1937 but recalled to active duty during
World War II to lead Allied forces in the Pacific. Served as
Supreme Commander of Allied occupation forces in Japan after
the war and commanded United Nations forces during Korean conflict.
Died in Washington, D.C. on April 5, 1964 at age 84. (Click
for quotes by Douglas MacArthur.)
Napoleonic - characteristic of
or pertaining to the era of Napoleon I (see Bonaparte)
Ninety-day wonder - OCS graduate
General George - 1885-1945. American commander of the Seventh
and Third Armies in World War II.
poop - information or data
Port of Embarkation (P.O.E.) -
Where new replacements were sent after completing infantry training
from which they embarked by ship to one of the theaters of World
War II for active duty.
Pyrrhic victory - the winning of
a battle, but a victory with such overwhelming losses as to
be hollow or empty of meaning, such as that of Pyrrhus's troops
against the Romans at Asculum in 270 BC.
Pyrrhus - a second cousin to Alexander the Great and the King
of Epirus whose ambitions resulted in the attempt to revive
Alexander's empire leading to conflict in Italy from which he
emerged victor of two battles in 280-279 BC including one against
the Romans at Asculum which resulted in staggering losses to
Phrrhus's own army.
reppledepple - replacement depot
scattergun - machine gun
screaming meemies - rocket launchers,
primarily the German Nebelwerfer
Sky scout - Army Chaplain (see
Section 8 - Discharge for mental
Sherman, William Tecumseh - 1820-1891.
American commader of Union troops in Civil War.
Shiloh - Civil War battle at Pittsburg Landing in southwestern
Tennessee in which Union forces defeated the Confederates in
1862. Now a National Military Park.
Sun Tzu Wu - (4th Century BC) Chinese
military leader and philosopher, author of a treatise on the
philosophy of human conflict titled Ping-fa, The Art of War.
Born in Ch'i, later settled in Wu where he served as general
and led his army to great victories against rival principalities
Ch'u, Ch'i and Ch'in.
tracer bullet - a bullet that
leaves a luminous or smoky trail
Duke of - 1769-1852. Arthur Wellesley, British statesman
and soldier, defeated Napoleon at Waterloo in 1815. Served as
Prime Minister 1828-30 (see Iron Duke).